State Laws For Bail Bonds

MISSISSIPPI CODE of 1972

TITLE 83

CHAPTER 39

 

 

BAIL BONDS AND BONDSMAN

 

SECTION:

83-39-1. Definitions.

83-39-3. Individual License Required.

83-39-5. License Requirements.

83-39-7. Qualification Bond; return of defendant out on bond.

83-39-8. Transfer of Qualification Bond.

 

83-39-9. Issuance of License.

83-39-11. License Fees.

83-39-13. Annual reports required.

83-39-15. Grounds for denial, suspension, revocation, and refusal to renew license.

83-39-17. Hearing.

83-39-19. Appeals.

83-39-21. Judicial proceedings in lieu of departmental hearing.

83-39-23. Notice to sheriff and judicial officials.

83-39-25. Maximum premium, commission or fee; processing fee; holding collateral to insure

payments of premium or indemnify for losses.

83-39-27. Prohibited activities.

83-39-29. Penalties.

83-39-31. Fee on appearance bonds and recognizances; additional assessment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

§ 83-39-1. Definitions.

The following terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings:

(a) "Department" means the Department of Insurance.

(b) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Insurance.

(c) "Insurer" means any domestic or foreign insurance corporation or association engaged in the business of insurance or suretyship which has qualified to transact surety or casualty business in this state.

(d) "Professional bail agent" means any individual who shall furnish bail, acting as a licensed personal surety agent or as a licensed limited surety agent representing an insurer as defined by this chapter. The above definition shall not include, and this chapter does not apply to, any individual who is not licensed under this chapter who acts as personal surety in instances where there is no compensation charged or received for such service.

(e) "Soliciting bail agent" means any person who as an agent or employee of a professional bail agent, or as an independent contractor, for compensation or otherwise, shall solicit, advertise or actively seek bail bond business for or on behalf of a professional bail agent and who assists the professional bail agent in presenting the defendant in Court when required or assists in the apprehension and surrender of the defendant to the court or keeps the defendant under necessary surveillance.

(f) "Bail enforcement agent" means a person who assists the professional bail agent in presenting the defendant in court when required, or who assists in the apprehension and surrender of the defendant to the court or who keeps the defendant under necessary surveillance. Nothing herein shall affect the right of professional bail agents to have counsel or to ask assistance of law enforcement officers.

(g) "Limited surety agent" means any individual who is appointed by an insurer by power of attorney to execute or countersign bail bonds in connection with judicial proceedings, and who is duly licensed by the commissioner to represent such insurer for the restricted lines of bail, fidelity and surety, after successfully completing a limited examination by the department for the restricted lines of business.

(h) "Personal surety agent" means any individual who, having posted the necessary qualification bond with the commissioner as required by Section 83-39-7, and duly licensed by the commissioner, may execute and sign bail bonds in connection with judicial proceedings. All new personal surety agents licensed after July 1, 1994, shall complete successfully a limited examination by the department for the restricted lines of business.

(i) “Surety” means the insurer or the personal surety agent guaranteeing the bail bond and for the purpose of process does not mean the agent of such insurer or personal surety agent.

(j) “Bail” means the use of money, property or other security to cause the release of a defendant from custody and secure the appearance of a defendant in criminal court proceedings, or the monitoring or supervision of defendants who are released from custody on recognizance, parole or probation, except when such monitoring or supervision is conducted after conviction, sentencing or other adjudication and solely by public employees.

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-01; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 1; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 1; Laws, 2000, ch. 384, § 1; Laws, 2003, ch. 452, § 1, eff from and after July 1, 2003.

 

§ 83-39-3. Individual license required.

(1) No person shall act in the capacity of professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent, as defined in Section 83-39-1, or perform any of the functions, duties or powers of the same unless that person shall be qualified and licensed as provided in this chapter. The terms of this chapter shall not apply to any automobile club or association, financial institution, insurance company or other organization or association or their employees who execute bail bonds on violations arising out of the use of a motor vehicle by their members, policyholders or borrowers when bail bond is not the principal benefit of membership, the policy of insurance or of a loan to such member, policyholder or borrower.

(2) (a) No license shall be issued or renewed except in compliance with this chapter, and none shall be issued except to an individual. No firm, partnership, association or corporation, as such, shall be so licensed. No professional bail agent shall operate under more than one (1) trade name. A soliciting bail agent and bail enforcement agent shall operate only under the professional bail agent's name. No license shall be issued to or renewed for any person who has ever been convicted of a felony or any crime involving moral turpitude *** or who is under twenty-one (21) years of age ***. No person engaged as law enforcement or judicial official or attorney shall be licensed hereunder. A person who is employed in any capacity at any jail or corrections facility that houses state, county or municipal inmates who are bailable, whether the person is a public employee, independent contractor, or the employee of an independent contractor, may not be licensed under this section.

(b) (i) No person who is a relative of either a sworn state, county or municipal law enforcement official or judicial official, or an employee, independent contractor or the contractor's employee of any police department, sheriff's department, jail or corrections facility that houses or holds federal, state, county or municipal inmates who are bailable, shall write a bond in the county where the law enforcement

entity or court in which the person's relative serves is located. "Relative" means a spouse, parent, grandparent, child, sister, brother, or a consanguineous aunt, uncle, niece or nephew. Violation of this prohibition shall result in license revocation.

(ii) No person licensed under this chapter shall act as a personal surety agent in the writing of bail during a period he or she is licensed as a limited surety agent, as defined herein.

(iii) No person licensed under this chapter shall give legal advice or a legal opinion in any form.

(3) The department is vested with the authority to enforce this chapter. The department may conduct investigations or request other state, county or local officials to conduct investigations and promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary for the enforcement of this chapter. The department may establish monetary fines and collect such fines as necessary for the enforcement of such rules and regulations. All fines collected shall be deposited in the Special Insurance Department Fund for the operation of that agency.

(4) Each license issued hereunder shall expire biannually on the last day of September, unless revoked or suspended prior thereto by the department, or upon notice served upon the commissioner by the insurer that the authority of a limited surety agent to act for or in behalf of such insurer had been terminated, or upon notice served upon the commissioner by a professional bail agent that the employment of a soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent had been terminated by such professional bail agent. *** Licenses shall expire on the last day of September of each odd-numbered year.

(5) The department shall prepare and deliver to each licensee a license showing the name, address and classification of such licensee, and shall certify that the person is a licensed professional bail agent, being designated as a personal surety agent or a limited surety agent, a soliciting bail agent or a bail enforcement agent. In addition, the license, if for a soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent, shall show the name of the professional bail agent and any other information, as the commissioner deems proper.

(6) The commissioner, after a hearing under Section 83-39-17, may refuse to issue a privilege license for a soliciting bail agent to change from one (1) professional bail agent to another if he owes any premium or debt to the professional bail agent with whom he is currently licensed. The commissioner, after a hearing under Section 83-39-17, shall refuse to issue a license for a limited surety agent if he owes any premium or debt to an insurer to which he has been appointed. If a license has been granted to a limited surety agent or a soliciting bail agent who owed any premium or debt to an insurer or professional bail agent, the commissioner, after a hearing under Section 83-39-17, shall revoke the license.

(7) (a)Before the issuance of any professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent license, the applicant shall submit proof of successful completion of forty (40) classroom hours of prelicensing education approved by the Professional Bail Agents Association of Mississippi, Inc., and conducted by persons or entities approved by the Professional Bail Agents Association of Mississippi, Inc. The hours required by this subsection shall be classroom hours and may not be acquired through correspondence or over the Internet. Prelicensing education is not required for a professional bail agent, bail soliciting agent or bail enforcement agent licensee who applies for a different category of license if the prior license has remained in effect without any action taken against it and the applicant has successfully completed the continuing education requirements under this section for all periods between the completion of the prelicensing education and the submission of the application for a license in a different category.

(b) Beginning on July 1, 2011, in order to assist the department in determining an applicant’s suitability for a license under this chapter, the applicant shall submit a set of fingerprints with the submission of an application for license. The department shall forward the fingerprints to the Department of Public Safety for the purpose of conducting a criminal history record check. If no disqualifying record is identified at the state level, the fingerprints shall be forwarded by the Department of Public Safety to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for a national criminal history record check. Fees related to the criminal history record check shall be paid by the applicant to the commissioner and the monies from such fees shall be deposited in the special fund in the State Treasury designated as the “Insurance Department Fund.”

(8) (a) Before the renewal of the license of any professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent the applicant shall submit proof of successful completion of continuing education hours as follows:

(i) There shall be no continuing education required for the first year of an original license.

(ii) Except as provided in subparagraph (i), eight (8) classroom hours of continuing education for each year or part of a year of the two-year license period, for a total of sixteen (16) hours per license period.

(b) If an applicant for renewal failed to obtain the required eight (8) hours for each year of the license period during the actual license year in which the education was required to be obtained, the applicant shall not be eligible for a renewal license but shall be required to obtain an original license and be subject to the education requirements set forth in subsection (7). The commissioner shall not be required to comply with Section 83-39-17 in denying an application for a renewal license under this paragraph (b).

c) The education hours required under this subsection (8) shall consist of classroom hours approved by the Professional Bail Agents Association of Mississippi, Inc., and provided by persons or entities approved by the Professional Bail Agents Association of Mississippi, Inc. The hours required by this subsection shall be classroom hours and may not be acquired through correspondence or over the Internet.

(d) The continuing education requirements under this subsection (8) shall not be required for renewal of a professional bail agent license for any applicant who is sixty-five (65) years of age and who has been licensed as a professional bail agent for a continuous period of twenty (20) years immediately preceding the submission of the application as evidenced by submission of an affidavit, under oath, on a form

prescribed by the department, signed by the licensee attesting to satisfaction of the age, licensing, and experience requirements of this paragraph (d).

(9) No license as a professional bail agent shall be issued unless the applicant has been duly licensed by the department as a soliciting bail agent for a period of three (3) consecutive years immediately preceding the submission of the application. However, this subsection (9) shall not apply to

any person who was licensed as a professional bail agent before July 1, 2011.

(10) A nonresident person may be licensed as a professional bail agent, bail soliciting agent or bail

enforcement agent if:

(a) The person's home state awards licenses to residents of this state on the same basis; and

(b) The person has satisfied all requirements set forth in this chapter.  

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-02; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 2; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 2; Laws, 1997, ch. 410, § 19; Laws, 1999, ch. 497, § 1; Laws, 2001, ch. 353, § 1; Laws, 2001, ch. 563, § 1; Laws, 2006, ch. 586, § 1; Laws, 2007, ch. 501, § 3; Laws, 2008, ch. 467, § 1; eff from and after passage (approved Apr. 14, 2008)

 

§ 83-39-5. License requirements.

Any person desiring to engage in the business of professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent in this state shall apply to the department for a license on forms prepared and furnished by the department. The application for a license, or renewal thereof, shall set forth, under oath, the following information

(a) Full name, age, date of birth, social security number, residence during the previous five (5) years, occupation and business address of the applicant.

(b) Spouse's full name, occupation and business address.

(c) A photograph of the applicant and a full set of fingerprints for the initial application and, thereafter, as requested by the department.

(d) A statement that he is not licensed to practice law in the State of Mississippi or any other state and that no attorney or any convicted felon has any interest in his application, either directly or indirectly.

(e) Any other information as may be required by this chapter or by the department.

(f) In the case of a professional bail agent, a statement that he will actively engage in the bail bond business.

(g) In the case of a soliciting bail agent, a statement that he will be employed or used by only one (1) professional bail agent and that the professional bail agent will supervise his work and be responsible for his conduct in his work. A professional bail agent shall sign the application of each soliciting bail agent employed or used by him.

Each application or filing made under this section shall include the social security number(s) of the applicant in accordance with Section 93-11-64, Mississippi Code of 1972.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-03; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 3; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 3; Laws, 1997, ch. 410, § 20; Laws, 1997, ch. 588, § 71; Laws, 2007, ch. 501, § 4 eff from and after June 1, 2007.

 

§ 83-39-7. Qualification bond; return of defendant out on bond.

(1) Each applicant for a professional bail agent license who acts as personal surety shall be required to post a qualification bond in the amount of Thirty Thousand Dollars ($30,000.00). The qualification bond shall be made by depositing with the commissioner the aforesaid amount of bonds of the United States, the State of Mississippi or any agency or subdivision thereof, or a certificate of deposit issued by an institution whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and made payable jointly to the owner and the Department of Insurance, or shall be written by an insurer as defined in this chapter, shall meet the specifications as may be required and defined in this chapter, and shall meet such specifications as may be required and approved by the department. The bond shall be conditioned upon the full and prompt payment of any bail bond issued by such professional bail agent into the court ordering the bond forfeited. The bond shall be to the people of the State of Mississippi in favor of any court of this state, whether municipal, justice, county, circuit, Supreme or other court. If any bond issued by a professional bail agent is declared forfeited and judgment entered thereon by a court of proper jurisdiction as authorized in Section 99-5-25, and the amount of the bond is not paid within ninety (90) days, that court shall order the department to declare the qualification bond of the professional bail agent to be forfeited and the license revoked. If the bond was not forfeited correctly under Section 99-5-25, it shall be returned to the court as uncollectible. The department shall then order the surety on the qualification bond to deposit with the court an amount equal to the amount of the bond issued by the professional bail agent and declared forfeited by the court, or the amount of the qualification bond, whichever is the smaller amount. The department shall, after hearing held upon not less than ten (10) days' written notice, suspend the license of the professional bail agent until such time as another qualification bond in the required amount is posted with the department. The revocation of the license of the professional bail agent shall also serve to revoke the license of each soliciting bail agent and bail enforcement agent employed or used by such professional bail agent. In the event of a final judgment of forfeiture of any bail bond written under the provisions of this chapter, the amount of money so forfeited by the final judgment of the proper court, less all accrued court costs and excluding any interest charges or attorney's fees, shall be refunded to the bail agent or his insurance company upon proper showing to the court as to which is entitled to same, provided the defendant in such cases is returned to the sheriff of the county to which the original bail bond was returnable within twelve (12) months of the date of such final judgment, or proof made of incarceration of the defendant in another jurisdiction, and that a "Hold Order" has been placed upon the defendant for return of the defendant to the sheriff upon release from the other jurisdiction, the return to the sheriff to be the responsibility of the professional bail agent as provided in subsection (2) of this section, then the bond forfeiture shall be stayed and remission made upon petition to the court, in the amount found in the court's discretion to be just and proper. A bail agent licensed under this chapter shall have a right to apply for and obtain from the proper court an extension of time delaying a final judgment of forfeiture if such bail agent can satisfactorily establish to the court wherein such forfeiture is pending that the defendant named in the bail bond is lawfully in custody outside of the State of Mississippi.

(2) The professional bail agent shall satisfy the responsibility to return the defendant who has been held by a "Hold Order" in another jurisdiction upon release from the other jurisdiction:

(a) By personally returning the defendant to the sheriff at no cost to the county; or

(b) Where the other jurisdiction will not release the defendant to any person other than a law enforcement officer, by reimbursing to the county the reasonable cost of the return of the defendant, not to exceed the cost that would be entailed if the option in paragraph (a) of this subsection were available.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-03; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 3; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 4; Laws, 1997, ch. 410, § 21; Laws, 1998, ch. 323, § 6; Laws, 1999, ch. 399, § 1; Laws, 2000, ch. 456, § 1; Laws, 2003, ch. 351, § 1; Laws, 2004, ch. 363, § 1; Laws, 2005, ch. 479, § 1; Laws, 2007, ch. 501, § 1, eff from and after June 1, 2007.

 

§ 83-39-8 Transfer of qualification bond.

A personal surety agent licensed under this chapter or the executor, trustee or guardian of his estate shall be allowed to transfer the qualification bond required under Section 83-39-7 to another person, provided that person meets all requirements for a license under this chapter and assumes all outstanding liabilities of the personal surety agent. The transferee shall be authorized to conduct the business of the personal surety agent existing and pending at the time of the transferee. The transferee shall submit an application with the fee and proof of education required by Section 83-39-5, which application shall be processed expeditiously and with priority by the department.

 

Sources: 1; Laws, 2007, ch. 501, § 1, eff from and after June 1, 2007.

 

 

§ 83-39-9. Issuance of license.

The department upon receipt of the license application, the required fee, and proof of good moral character and, in the case of a professional bail agent, an approved qualification bond in the required amount, shall issue to the applicant a license to do business as a professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent as the case may be.

No licensed professional bail agent shall have in his employ in the bail bond business any person who could not qualify for a license under this chapter, nor shall any licensed professional bail agent have as a partner or associate in such business any person who could not so qualify.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-03; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 3; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 5, eff. from and after July 1, 1994

 

§ 83-39-11. License fees.

Each license application and application for license renewal to engage in the business of professional bail agent shall be accompanied by a fee of One Hundred Dollars ($100.00). Each license application and application for license renewal to engage in the business of soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent shall be accompanied by a fee of Forty Dollars ($40.00).

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-04; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 4; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 6, eff from and after June 1, 2007

 

§ 83-39-13. Annual reports required.

(1.) Each professional bail agent licensed under this chapter, under oath, shall report annually to the department on forms prescribed by the department. This report shall be made on a calendar basis before June 1 of each year.

(2) (a) For purposes of applicable examinations, a professional bail agent licensed in this state shall maintain at least one (1) office physically located in any municipality or county in this state, to serve as his principal place of business operations where records pertaining to his bail agent business conducted in Mississippi are maintained and this office location shall be registered with the Department of Insurance.

(b) When applying for an original or renewal license as a professional bail agent, the applicant shall indicate the address of the office location to serve as his principal place of business operations, and this address shall be evidenced on the face of the license issued to the licensee.

(c) If for any reason the professional bail agent changes the location of his principal place of business

operations, removes to another state, or no longer continues in the profession as a bail agent, the bail agent shall register the new location with the department, or notify the department of his removal from the state or his cessation of business as a professional bail agent as appropriate.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-05; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 5; Laws, 1984, ch. 436; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 7; Laws, 1998, ch. 323, § 7, eff from and after July 1, 1998.

 

§ 83-39-15. Grounds for denial, suspension, revocation, and refusal to renew license.

(1) The department may deny, suspend, revoke or refuse to renew, as may be appropriate, a license to engage in the business of professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent, or bail enforcement agent for any of the following reasons:

(a) Any cause for which the issuance of the license would have been refused had it then existed and been known to the department.

(b) Failure to post a qualification bond in the required amount with the department during the period the person is engaged in the business within this state or, if the bond has been posted, the forfeiture or cancellation of the bond.

(c) Material misstatement, misrepresentation or fraud in obtaining the license.

(d) Willful failure to comply with, or willful violation of, any provision of this chapter or of any proper order, rule or regulation of the department or any court of this state.

(e) Conviction of felony or crime involving moral turpitude.

(f) Default in payment to the court should any bond issued by such bail agent be forfeited by order of the court.

(g) Being elected or employed as a law enforcement or judicial official.

(h) Engaging in the practice of law.

(i) Writing a bond in violation of Section 83-39-3 (2) (b) (i) and (ii)

(j) Giving legal advice or a legal opinion in any form.

(k) Acting as or impersonating a bail agent without a license

(2) In addition to the grounds specified in subsection (1) of this section, the department shall be authorized to suspend the license, registration or permit of any person for being out of compliance with an order for support, as defined in Section 93-11-153. The procedure for suspension of a license, registration or permit for being out of compliance with an order for support, and the procedure for the reissuance or reinstatement of a license, registration or permit suspended for that purpose, and the payment of any fees for the reissuance or reinstatement of a license, registration or permit suspended for that purpose, shall be governed by Section 93-11-157 or 93-11-163, as the case may be. If there is any conflict between any provision of Section 93-11-157 or 93-11-163 and any provision of this chapter, the provisions of Section 93-11-157 or 93-11-163, as the case may be, shall control.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-06; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 6; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 8; Laws, 1996, ch. 507, § 89; Laws, 2001, ch. 563, § 2, eff from and after July 1, 2001

 

§ 83-39-17. Hearing.

Before any license shall be refused or suspended or revoked, or the renewal thereof refused hereunder, the commissioner shall give notice of his intention to do so, by registered mail, to the applicant or licensee and to the insurer or professional bail agent appointing or employing the applicant or licensee, as the case may be, and shall set a date, not less than twenty (20) days from the date of mailing the notice, when the applicant or licensee and a duly authorized representative of the insurer or professional bail agent may appear to be heard and produce evidence. In the conduct of the hearing, the commissioner or any regular salaried employee specially designated by him for this purpose shall have power to administer oaths, to require the appearance of and examine any person under oath, and to require the production of books, records, or papers relevant to the inquiry upon his own initiative or upon the request of the applicant or licensee. Upon the termination of the hearing, findings shall be reduced to writing and, upon approval by the commissioner, shall be filed in his office and notice of the findings sent by registered mail to the applicant or licensee and the insurer or professional bail agent concerned.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-06; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 6; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 9; Laws, 2001, ch. 461, § 2, eff from and after July 1, 2001.

 

 

 

 

§ 83-39-19. Appeals.

Any person aggrieved by an act of the commissioner under the provisions of this chapter may appeal therefrom, within thirty (30) days after receipt of notice thereof, to the circuit court of the county in which is located the domicile of said person by writ of certiorari, upon giving bond with the surety or sureties and in such penalty as shall be approved by the circuit clerk of said county, conditioned that such appellant will pay all costs of the appeal in the event such appeal is not prosecuted successfully. The said circuit court shall have the opportunity and jurisdiction to hear said appeal and render its decision in regard thereto, either in term time or vacation time.

Actions taken by the commissioner or department in suspending a license, registration or permit when required by Section 93-11-157 or 93-11-163 are not actions from which an appeal may be taken under this section. Any appeal of a suspension of a license, registration or permit that is required by Section 93-11-157 or 93-11-163 shall be taken in accordance with the appeal procedure specified in Section 93-11-157 or 93-11-163, as the case may be, rather than the procedure specified in this section.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-06; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 6; Laws, 1996, ch. 507, § 90, eff from and after July 1, 1996

 

§ 83-39-21. Judicial proceeding in lieu of departmental hearing.

The commissioner, in his discretion, in lieu of the hearing provided for in Section 83-39-17, may file a petition to suspend or revoke any license authorized hereunder in a court of competent jurisdiction of the county or district in which the alleged offense occurred. In such cases, subpoenas may be issued for witnesses, and mileage and witness fees paid by the defendant, if found guilty. If costs cannot be made and collected from the defendant, the costs shall be assessed against the qualification bond if the defendant is a professional bail agent, and if the defendant is a soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent, against the employing professional bail agent or his qualification bond.

Any court of competent jurisdiction within this state may suspend or revoke the license of any person licensed under this chapter for any of the following reasons:

(a) Misappropriation, conversion or unlawful withholding of monies belonging to insured principals or others and received in the conduct of business under a license provided by this chapter.

(b) Fraudulent or dishonest practices in the conduct of the business under a license provided by this chapter.

(c) The commission of any act, which would prohibit or restrict the licensee from holding a license under this chapter.

The court, which suspends or revokes a license under the terms of this chapter, or the clerk thereof, shall promptly furnish the commissioner a copy of the suspension or revocation order.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-06; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 6; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 10, eff from and after July 1, 1994.

 

§ 83-39-23. Notice to sheriff and judicial officials.

No sheriff or other official shall accept bond from a professional bail agent unless the bail agent is licensed under this chapter and unless the bail agent shall exhibit to the court a valid certificate or license issued by the department, and the license of the bail agent shall not have been suspended or revoked. The department, upon request, may furnish to any sheriff, district, circuit court or municipal judge additional information, which would appropriately identify the duly licensed professional bail agent and insurers whose operation in the writing of bail is covered by this chapter.

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-07; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 7; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 11, eff from and after July 1, 1994.

 

§ 83-39-25. Maximum premium, commission or fee; processing fee; holding collateral to insure payment of premium or indemnify for losses.

(1) A professional bail agent or his agent shall charge and collect for his premium, commission, or fee an amount of ten percent (10%) of the amount of bail per bond posted by him, or One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), whichever is greater, except on a bond on a defendant who is charged with a capital offense, or on a defendant who resides outside the State of Mississippi, in which case the premium, commission or fee shall be fifteen percent (15%) of the amount of bail, per bond posted by him, or One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), whichever is greater.

(2) A Professional bail agent or his agent shall also charge an additional Fifty Dollars ($50.00) processing fee on each bond issued by him.

(3) Nothing herein shall prohibit a professional bail agent or his agent from holding collateral or taking a security interest in collateral for the purpose of insuring the payment of the premium of the bond posted or indemnifying the professional bail agent for losses incurred due to a forfeiture of a bond or the costs of apprehension and surrender of the principal.

(4) Any fee charged by a professional bail agent or his agent for court-approved electronic monitoring or drug testing shall not be considered part of the premium, commission or fee charged under this section.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-08; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 8; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 12; Laws, 1994, ch. 634, § 1; Laws, 2001, ch. 350, § 1; Laws, 2007, ch. 501, § 2; Laws, 2009, ch. 520, § 1, eff from and after July 1, 2009.

 

§ 83-39-27. Prohibited activities.

It is unlawful for a licensee to engage in any of the following activities:

(a) Specify, suggest or advise the employment of any particular attorney to represent his principal.

(b) Pay a fee or rebate or give or promise to give anything of value to a jailer, policeman, peace officer, clerk, deputy clerk, any other employee of any court, district attorney or any of his employees or any person who has power to arrest or to hold any person in custody.

(c) Pay a fee or rebate or give anything of value to an attorney in bail bond matters, except in defense of any act on a bond, or as counsel to represent such bail agent, his agent or employees.

(d) Pay a fee or rebate or give or promise to give anything of value to the person on whose bond he is surety.

(e) Pay a fee or rebate or give or promise to give anything of value to any person, other than a soliciting bail agent, for the purpose of procuring a bail bond.

(f) Accept anything of value from a person on whose bond he is surety, or from others on behalf of such person, except the fee or premium on the bond, but the bail agent may accept collateral security or other indemnity.

(g) Coerce, suggest, aid and abet, offer promise of favor or threaten any person on whose bond he is surety or offers to become surety, to induce that person to commit any crime.

(h) Give legal advice or a legal opinion in any form coerce, suggest, aid and abet, offer promise of favor or threaten any person on whose bond he is surety or offers to become surety, to induce that person to commit any crime.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 8745-09; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, § 9; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 13; Laws, 2001, ch. 320, § 1, eff from and after passage (approved Mar. 5, 2001).

 

 

 

§ 83-39-29. Penalties.

(1) The department may provide information to the district attorney in the district in which a professional bail agent, a soliciting bail agent or bail enforcement agent is domiciled so that proper legal action may be pursued against any licensee who is alleged to have violated any provision of Chapter 39 of Title 83. Such licensee is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one (1) year, or both. Any insurer violating any provision of Chapter 39 of Title 83 may be fined in an amount not to exceed Fifty Thousand Dollar ($50,000.00).

(2) Any person who acts or attempts to solicit, write or present a bail bond as a professional bail agent, soliciting bail agent, or bail enforcement agent as defined in this chapter and who is not licensed under this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one (1) year, or both.

(3) Any person who acts or attempts to act, represents himself to be, or impersonates a professional bail agent, a soliciting bail agent or a bail enforcement agent as defined in this chapter by attempting to arrest or detaining any person and who is not licensed under this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00), imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.

(4) A bail agent, bail soliciting agent or bail enforcement agent from another state shall report to the sheriff’s department of the county in which he is attempting to locate a fugitive prior to looking for the fugitive to prove his licensing and legal right to the fugitive. Failure to prove licensing shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00).

(5) Any person charged with a criminal violation who has obtained his release from custody by having a professional bail agent, insurer, agent of a bail agent or insurer, or any person other than himself furnish his bail bond and who fails to appear in court, at the time and place ordered by the court, is guilty of "bond jumping" and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one (1) year, or both, and payment of restitution for reasonable expenses incurred returning the defendant to court.

(6) Any person who knowingly and intentionally aids and abets any person in the commission of the offense of bond jumping, whether the person committing the principal offense is actually convicted, shall be guilty of aiding and abetting bond jumping and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one (1) year, or both, and payment of restitution for reasonable expenses incurred in returning the defendant to court. Any person who is convicted of aiding and abetting shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of restitution for reasonable expenses incurred in returning the defendant to court.

(7) Any bail agent who is prejudiced or injured by the commission of any of the offenses set forth in this section shall have standing to file a complaint alleging the commission of the offense or offenses.

 

Sources: Codes, 1942, §§ 8745-09, 8745-10; Laws, 1968, ch. 341, §§ 9, 10; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 14; Laws, 1994, ch. 634, § 2; Laws, 2003, ch. 466, § 1; Laws, 2005, ch. 412, § 1; Laws, 2009, ch. 520,§ 2, eff from and after July 1, 2009.

 

§ 83-39-31. Fee on appearance bonds and recognizances; additional assessment on bail bonds to be deposited into Victims of Domestic Violence Fund.

(1) Upon every defendant charged with a criminal offense who posts a cash bail bond, a surety bail bond, a property bail bond or a guaranteed arrest bond certificate conditioned for his appearance at trial, there is imposed a fee equal to two percent (2%) of the face value of each bond or Twenty Dollars ($20.00), whichever is greater, to be collected by the clerk of the court when the defendant appears in court for final adjudication or at the time the defendant posts cash bond unless subsection (4) applies.

(2) Upon each defendant charged with a criminal offense who is released on his own recognizance, who deposits his driver's license in lieu of bail, or who is released after arrest on written promise to appear, there is imposed a fee of Twenty Dollars ($20.00) to be collected by the clerk of the court when the defendant appears in court for final adjudication unless subsection (4) applies.

(3) Upon each defendant convicted of a criminal offense who appeals his conviction and posts a bond conditioned for his appearance, there is imposed a fee equal to two percent (2%) of the face value of each bond or Twenty Dollars ($20.00), whichever is greater. If such defendant is released on his own recognizance pending his appeal, there is imposed a fee of Twenty Dollars ($20.00). The fee imposed by this subsection shall be imposed and shall be collected by the clerk of the court when the defendant posts a bond unless subsection (4) applies.

(4) If a defendant is found to be not guilty or if the charges against a defendant are dismissed, or if the prosecutor enters a nolle prosequi in the defendant's case or retires the defendant's case to the file, or if the defendant's conviction is reversed on appeal, the fees imposed pursuant to subsections (1), (2) (3) and (7) shall not be imposed.

(5) The State Auditor shall establish by regulation procedures providing for the timely collection, deposit, accounting and, where applicable, refund of the fees imposed by this section. The Auditor shall provide in the regulations for certification of eligibility for refunds and may require the defendant seeking a refund to submit a verified copy of a court order or abstract by which the defendant is entitled to a refund.

(6) It shall be the duty of the clerk or any officer of the court authorized to take bonds or recognizances to promptly collect, at the time such bonds or recognizances are received or taken, all fees imposed pursuant to this section. In all cases, the clerk or officer of the court shall deposit all fees so collected with the State Treasurer, pursuant to appropriate procedures established by the State Auditor, for deposit into the State General Fund.

 

Sources: Laws, 1990, ch. 329, § 2; Laws, 1994, ch. 495, § 15; Laws, 1995, ch. 371, § 1; Laws, 1999, ch. 364, § 1; Laws, 2009, ch. 463,§ 1, eff from and after July 1, 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MISSISSIPPI CODE

TITLE 99

CHAPTER 5

 

BAIL

 

SECTION:

99-5-1. Form of bail; professional and soliciting bail agents to provide certain additional

information; penalties.

99-5-3. Form of Bail – taken in open court by entry on minutes.

99-5-5. Bonds to be made payable to state; effect expiration and renewal.

99-5-7. Fidelity or surety insurance company may give bail.

99-5-9. Cash bail bond.

99-5-11. Justices of the peace may take recognizance or bond; certificate of default; alias warrant.

99-5-13. Court may require additional bail.

99-5-15. Duty of officer to release defendant from custody; approval of sureties.

99-5-17. Sheriff to return bail-bond to clerk.

99-5-19. Person who takes insufficient bail-bond, etc., to stand special bail.

99-5-21. Bond good though it does not describe offense.

99-5-23. Bonds, recognizance’s, etc., to be valid and binding whether or not properly taken or recited in return of officer.

99-5-25. Forfeiture of bond; Scire Facias.

99-5-27. Sureties may arrest and surrender principal; return of defendant out on bond.

99-5-29. Surety may cause arrest of principal by officer.

99-5-31. Mittimus in bailable cases to fix the bail.

99-5-33. Accused committed to prison if injured party is dangerously wounded.

99-5-35. When prisoner charged with capital offense entitled to bail.

99-5-37. Domestic violence or knowing violation of domestic abuse protective order; required appearance before judge; considerations; conditions.

99-5-39.1. Appearance bond as condition of any court ordered supervision; defendant’s failure to

appear as grounds for forfeiture of bond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

§ 99-5-1. Form of bail; professional and soliciting bail agents to provide certain additional information; penalties.

Bail may be taken in the following form, viz.:

"State of Mississippi,

______________ County.

We ______________, principal, and ______________ and ______________, sureties, agree to pay the State of Mississippi ______________ Dollars, unless the said ______________ shall appear at the next term of the Circuit Court of ______________ County, and there remain from day to day and term to term until discharged by law, to answer a charge of ______________.

Signed _________________

Approved ____________

 

When the bail is for appearance before any committing court or a judge, the form may be varied to suit the condition.

When a bond is taken from a professional bail agent, the following must be preprinted or stamped clearly and legibly on the bond form: full name of the professional bail agent, Department of Insurance license number, full and correct legal address of the professional bail agent and complete phone number of the professional bail agent. In addition, if the bond is posted by a limited surety professional bail agent, the name of the insurer, the legal address of the insurer on file with the department and phone number of the insurer must be preprinted or stamped, and a true and correct copy of an individual's power of attorney authorizing the agent to post such bond shall be attached.

If the bond is taken from a soliciting bail agent, the full name of the soliciting bail agent and the license number of such agent must be preprinted or stamped clearly and legibly along with all information required for a professional bail agent and a true and correct copy of an individual's power of attorney authorizing such soliciting bail agent to sign the name of the professional bail agent

Any professional bail agent and/or soliciting bail agents who issue a bail bond that does not contain this required information may have their license suspended up to six (6) months and/or be fined not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) for the first offense, may have their license suspended up to one (1) year and/or be fined not more than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00) for the second offense and shall have their license permanently revoked if they commit a third offense.

 

Sources: Codes, 1880, § 3049; 1892, § 1400A; Laws, 1906, § 1473; Hemingway's 1917, § 1231; 1930, § 1253; Laws, 1942, § 2496.

 

§ 99-5-3. Form of bail; taken in open court by entry on minutes.

Bail taken in open court may be entered on the minutes as follows, to wit:

"The State

No. ________    v.

A. B.

"Came the said A. B. and C. D. and E. F. and agreed to pay the state of Mississippi ________ dollars, unless the said A. B. shall appear at the present term of this court, and remain from day to day, and from term to term until discharged by law, to answer a charge of ________.”

 

Sources: Codes, 1880, § 3049; 1892, § 1400a; Laws, 1906, § 1473; Hemingway's 1917, § 1231; Laws, 1930, § 1253; Laws, 1942, § 2496.

 

 

 

§ 99-5-5. Bonds to be made payable to state; effect; expiration and renewal.

All bonds and recognizance’s taken for the appearance of any party, either as defendant, prosecutor, or witness in any criminal proceeding or matter, shall be made payable to the state, and shall have the effect to bind the accused and his sureties on the bond or recognizance until the principal shall be discharged by due course of law, and shall be in full force, from term to term, for a period of three (3) years, except that a bond returnable to the Supreme Court shall be in full force for a period of five (5) years. If it is necessary to renew a bond, it shall be renewed without additional premium. At the end of the applicable period, a bond or recognizance that is not renewed shall expire and shall be uncollectible unless the collection process was started on or before the expiration date of such bond or recognizance. Any bond or recognizance taken prior to July 1, 1996, shall expire on July 1, 1999. If a defendant is charged with multiple counts in one (1) warrant only one (1) bond shall be taken.

 

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 2(57); 1857, ch. 64, art. 291; 1871, § 2791; 1880, § 3040; 1892, § 1393; Laws, 1906, § 1465; Hemingway's 1917, § 1223; Laws, 1930, § 1245; Laws, 1942, § 2488; Laws, 1996, ch. 450, § 1; Laws, 1997, ch. 346, § 1, eff from and after July 1, 1997.

 

§ 99-5-7. Fidelity or surety insurance company may give bail.

Bail may be given to the sheriff or officer holding the defendant in custody, by a fidelity or surety insurance company authorized to act as surety within the State of Mississippi. Any such company may execute the undertaking as surety by the hand of officer or attorney authorized thereto by a resolution of its board of directors, a certified copy of which, under its corporate seal, shall be on file with the clerk of the circuit court and the sheriff of the county, and such authority shall be deemed in full force and effect until revoked in writing by notice to said clerk and sheriff.

 

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 12(2); 1857, ch. 64, art. 288; 1871, § 2788; 1880, § 3038; 1892, § 1391; Laws, 1906, § 1463; Hemingway's 1917, § 1221; Laws, 1930, § 1243; Laws, 1942, § 2486; Laws, 1960, ch. 267.

 

§ 99-5-9. Cash bail bond.

(1) In addition to any type of bail allowed by statute, any committing court, in its discretion, may allow any defendant, to whom bail is allowable, to deposit cash as bail bond in lieu of a surety or property bail bond, by depositing such cash sum as the court may direct with the sheriff or officer having custody of defendant, who shall receipt therefore and who shall forthwith deliver the said monies to the county treasurer, who shall receipt therefore in duplicate. The sheriff, or other officer, upon receipt of the county treasurer, shall forthwith deliver one (1) copy of such receipt to the committing court who shall then order the release of such defendant.

(2) The order of the court shall set forth the conditions upon which such cash bond is allowed and shall be determined to be the agreement upon which the bailee has agreed.

(3) The sums received by the county treasurer shall be deposited by him in a special fund to be known as "Cash Bail Fund," and shall be received by him subject to the terms and conditions of the order of the court.

(4) If the committing court authorizes bail by a cash deposit under subsection (1) of this section, but anyone authorized to release a criminal defendant allows the deposit of an amount less than the full amount of the bail ordered by the court, the defendant may post bail by a professional bail agent in an amount equal to one-fourth (1/4) of the full amount fixed under subsection (1) or the amount of the actual deposit whichever is greater.

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 12(2); 1857, ch. 64, art. 288; 1871, § 2788; 1880, § 3038; 1892, § 1391; Laws, 1906, § 1463; Hemingway's 1917, § 1221; Laws, 1930, § 1243; Laws, 1942, § 2486; Laws, 1960, ch. 267. Effective July 1, 2007

 

§ 99-5-11. Justices of the peace may take recognizance or bond; certificate of default; alias warrant.

All justices of the peace and all other conservators of the peace are authorized, whenever a person is brought before them charged with any offense not capital for which bail is allowed by law, to take the recognizance or bond of such person, with sufficient sureties, in such penalty as the justice or conservator of the peace may require, for his appearance before such justice or conservator for an examination of his case at some future day. And if the person thus recognized or thus giving bond, fail to appear at the appointed time, it shall be the duty of the justice or conservator to return the recognizance or bond, with his certificate of default, to the court having jurisdiction of the case, and a recovery may be had therein by scire facias, as in other cases of forfeiture. The justice or other conservator shall also issue an alias warrant for the defaulter.

 

Sources: Codes, 1871, § 2874; 1880, § 3044; 1892, § 1397; Laws, 1906, § 1469; Hemingway's 1917, § 1227; Laws, 1930, § 1249; Laws, 1942, § 2492.

 

§ 99-5-13. Court may require additional bail.

When it shall appear to the court before which any person charged with a criminal offense has given bail to appear that such bail is insufficient in any respect, the court may order the issuance of process for the arrest of such person, and may require him to give bail as may be ordered, and, in default thereof, may commit him to jail as in other cases.

 

Sources: Codes, 1880, § 3051; 1892, § 1402; Laws, 1906, § 1475; Hemingway's 1917, § 1233; Laws, 1930, § 1255; Laws, 1942, § 2498.

 

§ 99-5-15. Duty of officer to release defendant from custody; approval of sureties.

It is the duty of the sheriff or other officer having custody of such defendant, upon his compliance with the order of the committing court or officer, to release him from custody; and he shall approve the sureties on the bond, except admitted and authorized fidelity and surety insurance companies acting as surety, and for that purpose may examine them on oath, or take their affidavit in writing, and may administer such oath.

 

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 12(2); 1857, ch. 64, art. 288; 1871, § 2788; 1880, § 3038; 1892, § 1391; Laws, 1906, § 1463; Hemingway's 1917, § 1221; Laws, 1930, § 1243; Laws, 1942, § 2486; Laws, 1960, ch. 267.

 

§ 99-5-17. Sheriff to return bail-bond to clerk.

It is the duty of the sheriff taking a bail-bond to return the same to the clerk of the circuit court of the county in which the offense is alleged to have been committed on or before the first day of the next term thereof.

 

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 12(3); 1857, ch. 64, art. 289; 1871, § 2789; 1880, § 3039; 1892, § 1392; Laws, 1906, § 1464; Hemingway's 1917, § 1222; Laws, 1930, § 1244; Laws, 1942, § 2487.

 

 

 

§ 99-5-19. Person who takes insufficient bail-bond, etc., to stand special bail.

If any person, except a properly authorized judge, authorized to release a criminal defendant neglects to take a bail bond, or if the bail bond from any cause is insufficient at the time he took and approved the same, on exceptions taken and filed before the close of the next term, after the same should have been returned, and upon reasonable notice thereof to the person, he shall stand as special bail, and judgment shall be rendered against him as such, except when bond is tendered by fidelity or insurance company or professional bail agent or its bail agent authorized by Mississippi state license act as bail surety. The person taking and approving a bail bond from a fidelity or insurance company or professional bail agent or its bail agent with a valid Mississippi state license shall bear no financial liability on the bail bond in the event of a bail bond forfeiture or default.

 

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 12(3); 1857, ch. 64, art. 289; 1871, § 2789; 1880, § 3039; 1892, § 1392; Laws, 1906, § 1464; Hemingway's 1917, § 1222; Laws, 1930, § 1244; Laws, 1942, § 2487; Laws, 1997, ch. 335, § 1; Laws, 2004, ch. 363, § 2, eff from and after July 1, 2004.

 

§ 99-5-21. Bond good though it does not describe offense.

All bonds and recognizances taken in criminal cases, whether they describe the offense actually committed or not, shall have the effect to hold the party bound thereby to answer to such offense as he may have actually committed, and shall be valid for that purpose until he be discharged by the court.

 

Sources: Codes, 1857, ch. 64, art. 368; 1871, § 2873; 1880, § 3042; 1892, § 1395; Laws, 1906, § 1467; Hemingway's 1917, § 1225; Laws, 1930, § 1247; Laws, 1942, § 2490.

 

§ 99-5-23. Bonds, recognizances, etc., to be valid and binding whether or not properly taken or recited in return of officer.

All bonds, recognizance’s, or acknowledgments of indebtedness, conditioned for the appearance of any party before any court or officer, in any state case or criminal proceeding, which shall have the effect to free such party from jail or legal custody of any sort, shall be valid and bind the party and sureties, according to the condition of such bond, recognizance, or acknowledgment, whether it was taken by the proper officer or under circumstances authorized by law or not, or whether the officer's return identify it or not.

It shall not be an objection to any bail-bond or recognizance that it is in the form of an acknowledgment before a court or officer and is without the signature of any person, or is without the endorsement of approval by any officer; but all persons who, by their acknowledgment before any officer of liability to pay a sum of money to the state if some person shall not appear before some court or officer in a criminal prosecution, procure the discharge from custody of such person, shall be bound accordingly upon the recognizance. An obligation signed by a person to obtain the discharge from custody of another shall not be invalid, if it have that effect, because it does not have endorsed on it the approval.

 

Sources: Codes, 1880, §§ 3041, 3050; 1892, §§ 1394, 1401; Laws, 1906, §§ 1466, 1474; Hemingway's 1917, §§ 1224, 1232; Laws, 1930, §§ 1246, 1254; Laws, 1942, §§ 2489, 2497.

 

§ 99-5-25. Forfeiture of bond; scire facias.

(1) (a) The purpose of bail is to guarantee appearance and a bail bond shall not be forfeited for any other reason.

(b) If a defendant in any criminal case, proceeding or matter fails to appear for any proceeding as ordered by the court, then the court shall order the bail forfeited and a judgment nisi and a bench warrant issued at the time of nonappearance. The clerk of the court shall notify the surety of the forfeiture by writ of scire facias, with a copy of the judgment nisi and bench warrant attached thereto, within ten (10) working days of such order of judgment nisi either by personal service or by certified mail. Failure of the clerk to provide the required notice within ten (10) working days shall constitute prima facie evidence that the order should be set aside.,

(c) The judgment nisi shall be returnable for ninety (90) days from the date of issuance. If during such period the defendant appears before the court, or is arrested and surrendered, then the judgment nisi shall be set aside. If the surety produces the defendant or provides to the court reasonable mitigating circumstances upon such showing, then the forfeiture shall not be made final. If the forfeiture is made final, a copy of the final judgment shall be served on the surety within ten (10) working days by either personal service or certified mail. Reasonable mitigating circumstances shall be that the defendant is incarcerated in another jurisdiction, that the defendant is hospitalized under a doctor's care, that the defendant is in a recognized drug rehabilitation program, that the defendant has been placed in a witness protection program and it shall be the duty of any such agency placing such defendant into a witness protection program to notify the court and the court to notify the surety, or any other reason justifiable to the court.

(2) If a final judgment is entered against a surety licensed by the Department of Insurance and has not been set aside after ninety (90) days, or later if such time is extended by the court issuing the judgment nisi, then the court shall order the department to revoke the authority of such surety to write bail bonds. The commissioner shall, upon notice of the court, notify said surety within five (5) working days of receipt of revocation. If after ten (10) working days of such notification the revocation order has not been set aside by the court, then the commissioner shall revoke the authority of the surety and all agents of the surety and shall notify the sheriff of every county of such revocation.

(3) If within eighteen (18) months of the date of the final forfeiture the defendant appears for court, is arrested or surrendered to the court, or if the defendant is found to be incarcerated in another jurisdiction and a hold order placed on the defendant, then the amount of bail, less reasonable extradition cost, excluding attorney fees, shall be refunded by the court upon application by the surety.

 

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 5; 1857, ch. 64, art. 292; 1880, § 3043; 1892, § 1396; Laws, 1906, § 1468; Hemingway's 1917, § 1226; Laws, 1930, § 1248; Laws, 1942, § 2491; Laws, 1996, ch. 317, § 1; Laws, 1999, ch. 428, § 1; Laws, 2001, ch. 547, § 1; Laws, 2009, ch. 520, § 3, eff from and after July 1, 2009.

 

§ 99-5-27. Sureties may arrest and surrender principal; return of defendant out on bond.

(1) (a)”Surrender" means the delivery of the defendant, principal on bond, physically to the sheriff or chief of police or in his absence, his jailer, and it is the duty of the sheriff or chief of police, or his jailer, to accept the surrender of the principal when presented and such act is complete upon the execution of verbal or written surrender notice presented by a bail agent and shall relieve the bail agent of liability on the principal's bond.

(b) A bail agent may surrender the principal if the principal is found to be detained on another charge. If the principal is found incarcerated in another jurisdiction, the bail agent may surrender him by verbal or written notice of surrender to the sheriff or chief of police, or his jailer, of that jurisdiction and the notice of surrender shall act as a "Hold Order" and upon presentation of written surrender notice to the court of proper jurisdiction, the court shall order a "Hold Order" placed on the principal for the court and shall relieve the bail agent of liability on the principal's bond, with the provision that, upon release from incarceration in the other jurisdiction, return of the principal to the sheriff shall be the responsibility of the bail agent. The bail agent shall satisfy the responsibility to return a principal held by a "Hold Order" in another jurisdiction upon release from the other jurisdiction either by personally returning the principal to the sheriff at no cost to the county or, where the other jurisdiction will not release the principal to any person other than a law enforcement officer, by reimbursing to the county the reasonable cost of the return of the principal, not to exceed the cost that would be entailed if the first option were available.

(c) The surrender of the principal by the bail agent, within the time period provided in Section 99-5-25, shall serve to discharge the bail agent’s liability to the State of Mississippi and any of its courts; but if this is done after forfeiture of the bond or recognizance, the court shall set aside the judgment nisi or final judgment upon filing of surrender notice by the bail agent.

(2) (a) A bail ***agent, at any time, may surrender the principal to any law enforcement agency or in open court in discharge of the bail agent’s liability on the principal's bond if the law enforcement agency that was involved in setting the original bond approves of such surrender, to the State of Mississippi and any of its courts and at any time may arrest and transport its principal anywhere or may authorize another to do so, may be assisted by any law enforcement agency or its agents anywhere upon request of bail and may receive any information available to law enforcement or the courts pertaining to the principal for the purpose of safe surrender or for any reasonable cause in order to safely return the principal to the custody of law enforcement and the court.

(b) A bail *** agent, at any time, may arrest the principal anywhere or authorize another to do so for the purpose of surrender of the principal on bail bond. Failure of the sheriff or chief of police or his jailer, any law enforcement agency or its agents or the court to accept surrender by a bail *** agent shall relieve the bail agent of any liability on the principal's bond, and the bond shall be void.

(3) A bail*** agent, at any time, upon request by the defendant or others on behalf of the defendant, may privately interview the defendant to obtain information to help with surrender before posting any bail bond on behalf of the defendant. All licensed bail agents shall have equal access to jails or detention facilities for the purpose of such interviews, the posting of bail bonds and the surrender of the principal.

(4) Upon surrender, the court, after full review of the defendant and the pending charges, in open court, may discharge the prisoner on his giving new bail, but if he does not give new bail, he shall be detained in jail.

 

Sources: Codes, 1880, § 3045; 1892, § 1398; Laws, 1906, § 1470; Hemingway's 1917, § 1228; Laws, 1930, § 1250; Laws, 1942, § 2493; Laws, 1997, ch. 335, § 2; Laws, 1999, ch. 399, § 2, eff from and after July 1, 1999.

 

§ 99-5-29. Surety may cause arrest of principal by officer.

The sheriff or a constable in a proper case, upon the request of a surety in any bond or recognizance, and tender of the legal fee for executing a capias in a criminal case, and the production of a certified copy of the bond of recognizance, shall arrest, within his county, the principal in the bond or recognizance. The surety or his agent shall accompany the officer to receive the person.

 

Sources: Codes, 1880, § 3046; 1892, § 1399; Laws, 1906, § 1471; Hemingway's 1917, § 1229; Laws, 1930, § 1251; Laws, 1942, § 2494.

 

§ 99-5-31. Mittimus in bailable cases to fix the bail.

When a defendant charged with a criminal offense shall be committed to jail by a court, judge, justice or other officer, for default in not giving bail, it is the duty of such court or officer to state in the Mittimus the nature of the offense, the county where committed, the amount of bail, and number of sureties required, and to direct the sheriff of the county where such party is ordered to be confined to release him, on his entering into bond as required by the order of the court or committing officer; and this shall apply to a case where, on habeas corpus, an order for bail may be made.

Sources: Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 65, art. 12(1); 1857, ch. 64, art. 287; 1871, § 2787; 1880, § 3037; 1892, § 1390; Laws, 1906, § 1462; Hemingway's 1917, § 1220; Laws, 1930, § 1242; Laws, 1942, § 2485.

 

§ 99-5-33. Accused committed to prison if injured party is dangerously wounded.

If a person be dangerously wounded the party accused shall be committed to prison until it be known whether the person wounded will recover or not, unless it appear to the court of inquiry that the case, in any event, would not amount to murder; in which case, or in the event that the person wounded do or will recover, the accused shall be dealt with as in other cases.

 

Sources: Codes, 1857, ch. 64, art. 283; 1871, § 2783; 1880, § 3036; 1892, § 1389; Laws, 1906, § 1461; Hemingway's 1917, § 1219; Laws, 1930, § 1241; Laws, 1942, § 2484.

 

§ 99-5-35. When prisoner charged with capital offense entitled to bail.

Any person having been twice tried on an indictment charging a capital offense, wherein each trial has resulted in a failure of the jury to agree upon his guilt or innocence, shall be entitled to bail in an amount to be set by the court.

Sources: Codes, 1942, § 2485.5; Laws, 1966, ch. 382, § 1, eff from and after passage (approved June 15, 1966).

§ 99-5-37. Domestic violence or knowing violation of domestic abuse protective order; required appearance before judge; considerations; conditions.

In any arrest for a misdemeanor, which is an act of domestic violence, as defined in Section 97-3-7, or for a knowing violation of a domestic abuse protective order issued pursuant to Section 93-21-1 et seq., no bail shall be granted until the person arrested has appeared before a judge of the court of competent jurisdiction. The defendant shall be brought before a judge at the first reasonable opportunity, not to exceed twenty-four (24) hours from the time of the arrest. In calculating the twenty-four (24) hours, weekends and holidays shall be included. The appearance may be by telephone. Upon setting bail in any case involving a misdemeanor which is an act of domestic violence or a knowing violation of a domestic abuse protective order, the judge shall give particular consideration to the exigencies of the case, including, but not limited to, (a) the potential for further violence, (b) the past history, if any, of violence between the defendant and alleged victim, (c) the level of violence of the instant offense, (d) any threats of further violence and (e) the existence of a domestic violence protection order prohibiting the defendant from engaging in abusive behavior, and shall impose any specific conditions as he or she may deem necessary. Specific conditions which may be imposed by the judge may include, but are not limited to, the issuance of an order prohibiting the defendant from contacting the alleged victim prior to trial, prohibiting the defendant from abusing or threatening the alleged victim or requiring defendant to refrain from drug or alcohol use. All such orders shall be reduced to writing and a certified copy of any such order shall be provided at no cost to the arrested person upon his or her release, to the appropriate law enforcement agency, and to the victim of the alleged crime.

Sources: Laws, 1998, ch. 525, § 2, Laws, 2003, ch. 431, § 1; Laws, 2007, ch. 589, § 11; Laws, 2009, ch. 433, § 2, eff from and after July 1, 2009.

 

§ 99-5-39. Appearance bond as condition of any court ordered supervision; defendant’s failure to appear as grounds for forfeiture of bond.

 

(1) As a condition of any probation, community control, payment plan for any fine imposed or any other court ordered supervision, the court may order the posting of a bond to secure the appearance of the defendant at any subsequent court proceeding or to otherwise enforce the orders of the court. The appearance bond shall be filed by a duly licensed professional bail agent with the court or with the sheriff who shall provide a copy to the clerk of court.

(2) The court may issue an order sua sponte or upon notice by the clerk or the probation officer that the person has violated the terms of probation, community control, court ordered supervision or other applicable court order to produce the defendant. The court or the clerk of court of the court shall give the bail agent a minimum of a seventy-two hour notice to have the defendant before the court. If the bail agent fails to produce the defendant in court or to the sheriff at the time noticed by the court or the clerk of court, the bond shall be forfeited according to the procedures set forth in Section 99-5-25. The defendant's failure to appear shall be the sole grounds for forfeiture of the appearance bond.

(3) The provisions of Sections 83-39-1 et seq. and 99-5-1 et seq. shall govern the relationship between the parties except where they are inconsistent with this section.

 

Sources: Laws, 2007, ch. 390, § 3; Laws, 2008, ch 420, § 1, eff from and after July 1, 2008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MISSISSIPPI CODE of 1972

TITLE 21

CHAPTER 23

SECTION 8

 

MUNICIPALITIES

 

Section.

§ 21-23-8 (1) (a)The purpose of bail is to guarantee appearance and a bail bond shall not be forfeited for any other reason.

(b) (i) If a defendant in any criminal case, proceeding or matter fails to appear for any proceeding as ordered by the municipal court, then the court shall order the bail forfeited and a judgment nisi and a bench warrant issued at the time of nonappearance. The clerk of the municipal court shall notify the surety of the forfeiture by writ of scire facias, with a copy of the judgment nisi and bench warrant attached thereto, within ten (10) working days of such order of judgment nisi either by personal service or by certified mail. Failure of the clerk to provide the required notice within ten (10) working days shall constitute prima facie evidence that the order should be set aside.

(ii) 1. The judgment nisi shall be returnable for ninety (90) days from the date of issuance. If during that period the defendant appears before the municipal court, or is arrested and surrendered, then the judgment nisi shall be set aside. If the surety produces the defendant or provides to the municipal court reasonable mitigating circumstances upon such showing, then the forfeiture shall not be made final. If the forfeiture is made final, a copy of the final judgment shall be served on the surety within ten (10) working days by either personal service or certified mail.

2. Reasonable mitigating circumstances shall be that the defendant is incarcerated in another jurisdiction, that the defendant is hospitalized under a doctor’s care, that the defendant is in a recognized drug rehabilitation program, that the defendant has been placed in a witness protection program and, in which case it shall be the duty of any ***agency placing the defendant into a witness protection program to notify the municipal court and the municipal court to notify the surety; or any other reason justifiable to the municipal court.

(2) If a final judgment is entered against a surety licensed by the Department of Insurance and has not been set aside after ninety (90) days, or later if such time is extended by the municipal court issuing the judgment nisi, then the municipal court shall order the department to revoke the authority the surety to write bail bonds. The Commissioner of Insurance shall, upon notice of the municipal court, notify the surety within five (5) working days of receipt of the order of revocation. If after ten (10) working days of the notification the revocation order has not been set aside by the municipal court, then the commissioner shall revoke the authority of the surety and all agents of the surety and shall notify the sheriff of every county of such revocation.

(3) If within eighteen (18) months of the date of the final forfeiture the defendant appears for Municipal court, is arrested or surrendered to the municipal court, or if the defendant is found to be incarcerated in another jurisdiction and a hold order placed on the defendant, then the amount of bail, less reasonable extradition cost, excluding attorney fees, shall be refunded by the municipal court upon application by the surety.

(4) (a) The municipal judge shall set the amount of bail for persons charged with offenses in municipal court and may approve the bond or recognizance therefor.

(b) In instances where the municipal judge is unavailable and has not provided a bail schedule or otherwise provided for the setting of bail, it is lawful for any officer or officers designated by order of the municipal judge to take bond, cash, property or recognizance, with or without sureties,

in a sum to be determined by the officer, payable to the municipality and conditioned for the appearance of the person on the return day and time of the writ before the court to which

the warrant is returnable, or in cases of arrest without a warrant, on the day and time set by the court or officer for arraignment, and there remain from day to day and term to term until discharged.

(c) All bonds shall be promptly returned to the court, together with any cash deposited, and be filed and

proceeded on by the court in a case of forfeiture. The chief of the municipal police or a police officer or officers designated by order of the municipal judge may approve bonds or recognizances.

(d) All bonds and recognizances in municipal court where the municipal court shall have the jurisdiction to hear and determine the case may be made payable to the municipality and shall have the effect to bind the principal and any sureties on the bond or recognizance until they shall be discharged by

due course of law without renewal.

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Sources: Laws, 1979, ch. 401, § 5; Laws, 1988, ch. 564, § 2; Laws, 2001, ch. 547, § 2, eff from and after July 1, 2001

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